Most people would not be surprised to find out that, in the general population, breast cancer is the most commonly occurring type of cancer. Breast cancer is one of the cancers that can affect both men and women, however it can also be helpful to think about cancer types in more specific terms. The most common types of cancer in women, types of cancer in men and cancer in children differ from group to group and the more we understand about which type of cancer is likely to affect us the more we can understand the issues involved.
Types of cancer in women
Although breast cancer is the most common of the types of cancer in women, it is not as dangerous as lung and bronchus cancer; in other words, it doesn’t cause as many female deaths. The American Cancer Society predicts that 30% of females in America will develop breast cancer in 2018. We have listed the three most common types of cancer in women below and suggested some tips to help you prevent them or find them early.
Breast cancer is the most common of the types of cancer in women and, although it can occur at any age, the risk of developing breast cancer increases as you get older. Breast cancer survival rates depend on early diagnosis so it is really important to achieve early detection through breast screening and home checks. The Coppafeel website gives great advice about checking your breasts.
The majority of deaths from this, the second most common types of cancer in women, are related to smoking but you can get lung cancer even if you don’t smoke. Giving up or not starting smoking is one of the biggest preventers of lung cancer. It can be detected through low-dose CT scans so if you have concerns, make a point of talking to your GP about this.
Colorectal cancer is one of the less heard of types of cancer in women These cancers can also be called rectal cancer (starting in the rectum) or colon cancer (starting in the colon) and have many common features. Colorectal cancers start with the development of polyps, which are difficult to detect without regular screening.
Types of cancer in men
It might surprise you to learn that men are more likely to develop cancer than women. Whereas one third of women will develop cancer in their lifetime, a worrying half of all men will have to face cancer-related issues. According to the American Cancer Society’s ‘Cancer Facts and Statistics’ report, lung and bronchus cancer is also one of the most dangerous types of cancer in men (i.e. those that cause the most male deaths). We have listed the three most common types of cancer in men below and suggested some tips to help you prevent them or find them early.
Over 40,000 new cases of prostate cancer are diagnosed in the UK every year (NHS statistics). This makes prostate cancer the most common of the types of cancer in men. There is no single prostate cancer test but if you are suffering from symptoms, usually issues related to urination, your doctor might suggest blood tests, a digital rectal examination or a biopsy. It is very important to visit a doctor as soon as you experience symptoms.
Bladder cancer is the second most common types of cancer in men. It is a fairly well known cancer but most people don’t realise that it is often caused by smoking. The most common symptom of bladder cancer is the presence of blood in the urine and early diagnosis can make a big difference to survival rates.
According to NHS statistics, around 7,000 people in the UK are diagnosed with stomach cancer each year. Although it is one of the most common types of cancer in men, stomach cancer can be tricky to detect as it has a range of symptoms including recurring indigestion, stomach pain, blood in the stools and loss of appetite. Men who are over 55, have a low fibre diet and smoke are more likely to develop stomach cancer.
Types of cancer in children
Childhood cancer is rare, thankfully, and it’s perhaps not unexpected that types of cancer in children are often different to types of cancer in adults. Despite this, treatment for cancer in children can be the same as treatment for types of cancer in men and women. It is more difficult to understand what causes cancer in children but we have listed the three most common types below.
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood, specifically the white blood cells, which protect the body against infection. There are several different types of leukemia but acute lymphocytic leukemia and acute myelogenous leukemia are the most common types of blood cancer in children. Leukemia symptoms can be vague but can include fever, fatigue, frequent infections, weight loss, easy bleeding or bruising, excessive sweating and bone pain. The presence of leukemia can be detected through a blood test so make sure you take your child to visit a doctor if you have concerns.
Brain tumours are a common type of cancer in children of any age but survival rates are improving all the time. Symptoms of brain tumours occur when the pressure inside a child’s head is higher than it should be and include, headaches, vomiting, fits, irritation, disinterest, eye issues and extreme sleepiness. The presence of a brain tumour is usually confirmed via a CT or MRI scan but blood tests can also help the diagnosis of some types of brain cancer.
Lymphoma is one of the common types of cancer in children and adolescents. Some children are diagnosed with Hodgkin lymphoma and others with Non-Hodgkin lymphoma but all lymphomas are cancer of the lymph nodes caused by the presence of abnormal lymphocytes, which are the white blood cells that fight infection throughout the body. Symptoms of lymphoma include, lymph node swelling, fever, lethargy, itchiness and unexplained weight loss. Diagnosis can be confirmed through blood tests, bone marrow tests, lumbar punctures and a range of scans.
Cancer can be survivable
The good news is that cancer can be survivable. Looking at the 2012-2014 statistics from the American Cancer Society, it is clear that women have a 12.4% chance of developing the most common of the types of cancer in women, breast cancer but only a 2.6% chance of dying from it. Indeed between 2007 and 2013 90% of American women survived breast cancer for five years. Treatments vary from cancer type to cancer type and radiotherapy is often just one element of a combined treatment regime. Our cooling and soothing R1 and R2 gels can help patients currently undergoing radiotherapy treatment and ease any skin discomfort that may occur as treatment progresses.